What is Acne?
Acne occurs when the pores become plugged. Blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and even the upper arms. Acne is experienced by both teenagers and adults all the way through their 40’s. Untreated acne can leave scars, which can be treated by Dr. Pilest. Although acne can be upsetting and disfiguring, breakouts can also lead to serious and lifelong scarring.
How Does Acne Form?
Hormones found in both males and females rise during adolescence (puberty) and stimulate and enlarge the oil (sebaceous) glands of the skin. These glands are found in the face, upper back, and chest. Rarely, acne can be due to a hormonal imbalance.
The oil glands are connected to a hair-containing canal called a follicle. The sebaceous glands make an oily substance called sebum, which reaches the skin surface by emptying through the skin surface opening of the follicle. The hair follicle opening is sometimes called the pore. The oil (sebum) causes the cells from the follicular lining to shed more rapidly and stick together, forming a plug at the hair follicle opening. Bacteria grow and stimulate inflammation, which causes the wall of the follicle to break. The bacteria spill into the skin causing redness, swelling, and pus.
Top Performer –a New Dual-Action Acne Laser
A more recent and effective acne treatment is Isolaz – a dual-action treatment that uses suction to remove the clogged matter in the pores combined with a special medical light that kills the bacteria in the pore and on the skin surface. This treatment can be used alone or in conjunction with RX and topical therapy to enhance and speed skin clearing.
Dairy products are suspect and you should at least try not drinking milk or eating ice cream for a few weeks’ trial to see how your skin changes.
Sunlight ages the skin and can cause skin cancer, therefore, you should not sunburn, “bake in the sun,” or use sunlamps. Choose a sunscreen that is oil-free, such as a gel or light lotion.
Sunburns will aggravate your acne. Oddly enough, though, some patients say they benefit from swimming in the ocean. But remember to rinse your skin after beach swimming as salt left on the skin for long periods can be irritating.
We recommend Oxygenetix oxygenating makeup or pure mineral makeup such as Colorescience or Jane Iredale. The Oxygentix line is available at Total Dermatology.
Be sure to thoroughly remove your cosmetics every night with an oil-free cleanser and water. A flesh-tinted acne lotion containing Benzoyl Peroxide, Salicylic Acid, or Sulfur can safely hide blemishes. Also, shield your face when applying hairsprays, perfumes/colognes, and gels. Recommended Acne Treatment Products